11 Jun 1812  Left Washington Navy Yard in Constitution.


5 - 12 Jul 1812  Sailed from Annapolis down the Bay and went out of the capes on the 12th for a cruise.


15 Jul 1812  Spoke a Spanish privateer schooner.


20 Jul 1812  1830 Boarded snow Rising Sun (Mayberry, Master), 43 days from Oporto to Newport, RI.


21 Jul 1812  1200 Spoke brig Diana, 47 days from Lisbon to Baltimore.  1930 Spoke a Spanish ship, 4 days from New York for Teneriffe.  Received NY

                    newspapers reporting Como Rodgers still pursuing convoy, that Essex was cruising alone, that John Adams and Nautilus were at sea, and that Wasp has arrived in the Delaware from Cowes.


22 Jul 1812  Squally and rain ‑‑ 1630 sighted 5 ships in company; believed to be the recent pursuers; moved out of sight.


23 Jul 1812  0430 Spoke the brig Triton, 23 days from Puerto Rico for Portsmouth, NH. 0900 Spoke the brig Hazard of Wiscasset, from Cadiz for New York. Apprised her of war declaration and recommended going to Boston, which she did.  0930 Spoke an unnamed brig, 81 days from St. Ubes for New London.  Also changed course for Boston.  Making 12 kts.


26 Jul 1812  Light winds ‑ variable ‑‑ beating in to Boston Light ‑‑ "The State house and several of the church steeples are visible a considerable distance down the bay." ‑‑ Mr. Chew, the purser, went ashore to arrange for provisions ‑‑ Mr. Morgan, 6th Lieut., opened a rendezvous for more crewmen.


27 Jul 1812  Anchored "just below the fort" ‑‑ Lighters bringing out provisions and water -- "The people of Boston with whom the Constitution and her Commander are both favorites, appear overjoyd [sic] at our arrival..."


30 Jul 1812  Foggy with rain.


 1 Aug 1812  [Saturday]  Damp and very foggy in morning ‑‑ rain in evening.  "We are all ready and only awaiting a fair wind…"


 2 Aug 1812  Underway at 0500; passed the Light at 6.


 5 Aug 1812  Pleasant day ‑‑ very light winds.


10 Aug 1812  Fresh breeze from NNW ‑‑ 1730 took the British brig Lady Warren brought off the 9 man crew and burned her.


11 Aug 1812  1200 Took the British brig Adiona ‑‑ took out the 11 man crew and burned her.


12 Aug 1812  Pleasant breeze from NE ‑‑ 15 sick, mostly minor.


14 Aug 1812  Light winds from NW ‑‑ "Were alarmed about 9 o'clock with the cry of fire in the cockpit ‑‑ Produced by one of the Surgeon's Mates having left a candle burning in his state room with the door locked.  We found considerable difficulty in opening the door, in attempting to force which I had my right hand jammd [sic] with a crowbar: in consequence of which I am under the necessity of writing with my left...  The surgeon's Mate, who is truly a worthy fellow, was arrested for his negligence.” -- At 3 a man fell overboard from the main chains; was picked up by boat 200 yards astern.


15 Aug 1812  Pleasant weather ‑‑ light winds from SW ‑‑ 1400 took British prize brig Adeline ‑‑ took out 6 man prize crew and put in one of our own headed by Midshipman Madison ‑‑ sighted Cape Race 40 miles to NE.


17 Aug 1812  Cloudy and cold ‑‑ fresh breeze from W ‑‑ 16 sick ‑‑ Injured hand nearly well.


18 Aug 1812  0030 Spoke American privateer Decatur (Captain Nichols) which reported that she had been chased during the night by ship of war and had jettisoned overboard 12 of her 14 guns while escaping


19 Aug 1812  "Wednesday.‑‑  Cloudy and foggy.  Course S. & W.  Wind N. by E.  Lat. observed 41‑42 N. Long. by D. R. 55 W.  At 2  P.M. discovered a large sail to Leeward.  Made sail and stood down for her.  At 4 discovered her to be a large Frigate.  When we were within about 2 or 2 1/2 miles he hoisted English colours and fired a Gun.  We stood towards her with reefed topsails without shewing our colours.  She then commenced firing, and gave us several broad sides without much effect before we commenced firing.  She kept wearing several times with a view probably of trying to get the weather gauge of us, which we avoided by wearing also.  We hoisted our colours and fired the first gun about 15 minutes past 5 o'clock P.M., but did not come into close action until about 6 o'clock, and after 25 minutes from the time we were closely engaged she struck, having previously lost all three of her masts and Bowsprit.  Her hull was much injured.  Several of her guns were dismounted or otherwise rendered useless on the gun deck by our shot.  She had 15 men killed and 62 wounded, most of them very dangerously, immense mischief and destruction having been done by our grape & cannister shot.  We had Killed Wm S. Bush, 1st Lt. Marines; and Seamen, Jacob Sago, John Brown, Caleb Smith, James Ashford, Robert Brice, James Reed.  Wounded: Charles Morris, 1st Lieutenant, Dangerously; J. C. Aylwin, Master, slightly; Richd Dunn, Seaman, Dangerously; Danl Lewis,; Taylor, do. slightly; Mullen, Marine, d.; Geo. Reynolds, Seaman, do.  Besides 4 or 5 others so slightly as not to be disabled from coming to Quarters.

                            "During the engagement she came against our stern with her bows twice, and carried away her Jib boom and injured our Taffrail.  It was when in that situation that Lt. Morris and Lt. Bush were shot.  Mr. Morris first jumped on the Taffrail with an intention of boarding her and was instantly wounded in the parietes of the abdomen.  Mr. Bush jumpd into his place the instant he fell and immediately one musket shot entered his face and passd into his brain.  Little or no other injury was done us at that time, and her quarter deck and forecastle were completely swept.  Her Second Lieutenant was killd [sic] the Captain, 1st Lieutenant, Sailing master, and one of the Master's mates wounded.  She hoisted 3 or 4 flags at the commencement of the action, and struck immediately after she got clear of our stern.  Her foremast and mainmast and mizzenmast fell about the time she was in contact with us.  After she struck Capt. Js. Rd Dacres Esq came on board and informed us that it was His Brittanick Majesty's Ship La Guerriere.  We sent Lt. Reed on board and finding the ship in a situation that was considered dangerous to attempt getting in we were employd all night getting the men and crew [sic] from on board.  She mounted 49 Guns and had about from 260 to 300 men, having sent previously part of her crew in prizes.  Capt. Dacres is a pleasant, agreeable young man, 24 years of age.

                            "Our crew behaved very nobly.  They fought like heroes, and gave three cheers when the colours were hoisted.  They also cheered when each of her masts went over the side, and when her colours were struck.  Whilst she was on our stern one of her forward guns was run nearly into our Cabin window and fired, but did (fortunately) little or no execution.  A shot that entered our after port on the starboard side of the gun deck killed 2 men at the after Gun and wounded one.  From the firing of the first gun to the close of the action was one hour & ten minutes.  The Guerriere had 15 killd and 62 wounded."


20 Aug 1812  Calm ‑‑ day spent transferring prisoners and repairing rigging ‑‑ amputated Richard Dunn's leg ‑‑ about 3 P.M. fired the prize; she blew up  ‑ L:ieutenant Bush and a British seaman buried at sea in evening.


21 Aug 1812  Calm ‑‑ repairing rigging and fishing masts ‑‑ making 12 kts in evening.


 22 Aug 1812  Calm ‑‑fishing the mainmast ‑‑ spanker boom and gaff had been carried away  by collision during action.


23 Aug 1812  Made 11‑13 kts during the previous night in blowing, hard rain.


26 Aug 1812  Calm, damp, foggy ‑‑ caught some cod.


27 Aug 1812  Light airs and cloudy.


30 Aug 1812  [Sunday]  Anchored in Nantasket Roads ‑‑ sent wounded to hospital on Quarantine Island.


31 Aug 1812  Arrival of Commodore Rodgers' squadron, initially unrecognized, gave a scare; cut anchor cable and ran up the harbor ‑‑ anchored near Navy Yard ‑‑ POWs sent off ship.


 1 Sep 1812  4‑5 officers and 60 men from Constitution volunteered for duty in President expected to go to sea to meet British rumored to be off Cape Cod – false alarm.


 5 Sep 1812  Superb dinner in Faneuil Hall  ‑ "...fronting the President's chair, was a model of Constitution Frigate with her masts fished and the Colours as they flew during the action..."


 7 Sep 1812  Stripping ship to get in new masts, rigging, etc. ‑‑ Lieutenant Wadsworth sick.


 8 Sep 1812  Stripping ship ‑‑ 10 sick.


11 Sep 1812  Cartel bearing Guerriere survivors to Halifax sailed from Boston; 12 seamen retained by Commodore Rodgers at rumors British were detaining  American POWs eligible for parole.


12 Sep 1812  Learned that Constitution's prize Adeline had been retaken by HMS Statira.


15 Sep 1812  Commodore Bainbridge succeeded Captain Hull in command and hoisted broad red pennant ‑‑ crew openly dissatisfied; Armorer confined for his remarks ‑‑ Hull given 3 cheers as he left ‑‑ several crewmen told Bainbridge they had sailed with him before (including one in Philadelphia) and didn't want to do so again.


17 Sep 1812  Shears erected preparatory to getting masts out.


22 Sep 1812  Got out mainmast.


 2 Oct 1812  "Went to the Theatre in the Evening & saw...a new afterpiece calld 'Guerrier & Constitution,' a very foolish, ridiculous thing."


 9 Oct 1812  All hands employed rigging and taking in stores.


13 Oct 1812  "It is now 12 o'clock at night.  A sick man who is delirious insists that he will die at 2 o'clock, & is much disturbed when he hears the bell struck, & counts every half hour.  He obstinately refuses to have a blister applied behind his neck, saying it may be done at 2 o'clock.  I have requested the officer of the deck to omit striking the Bell at 1/2 after one & two; & intend to sit up till that hour to watch..."


14 Oct 1812  The man still lives, and is much better.


16 Oct 1812  Foggy, disagreeable weather ‑‑ shifted to anchorage off  Long Wharf the previous evening.


20 Oct 1812  Shifted to anchorage in President Roads.


22 Oct 1812  Mrs. Bainbridge aboard for dinner.


27 Oct 1812  1500 Sailed from Boston with Hornet ‑‑ on way, passed incoming cartel bearing Midshipman Madison and Constitution's prize crew in Adeline ‑‑  "dirty weather" at night.


 5 Nov 1812  Mention of chronometer on board.  1800 Boarded ship Star (Captain Skinner), 25 days from Lisbon for New York.


 8 Nov 1812  While under British colors, boarded American brig South Carolina having a British license; sent in with prize master ‑‑ "The berth deck has been constantly wet since we left port."


19 Nov 1812  "Threw a bottle overboard...with the intention of ascertaining the current.  It contains a piece of paper on which was written the Latitude, Longitude, date, & my name, with a request that the finder would make it public.  The paper was oiled.  The bottle corked, sealed, & a piece of Tarrd muslin tied over it."


28 Nov 1812  Pleasant weather ‑‑ "Fumigated ship yesterday with muriatic acid gas and whitewashed it to‑day..."


 2 Dec 1812  1200 Anchored at Fernando Noronha under English colors.


 4 Dec 1812  Sailed for the Brazilian coast.


 6 Dec 1812  0600 Sighted the coast, thought to be in the vicinity of Cape Ledo.


 7 Dec 1812  Sighted Cape Blanco.


 9 Dec 1812  [Wednesday]  Private Pershaw given 50 lashes per court martial sentence ‑‑ abreast of Cape St. Augustine in the evening.


12 Dec 1812  "At dinner time to‑day the men came on deck in a mutinous manner & complained to the Commd that the allowance of bread & water are not sufficient.  He spoke in a resolute manner & ordered them below..."


14 Dec 1812  Gentle NE breezes.  Hornet sent in to Sao Salvador last evening for bread and water.


17 Dec 1812  "We have been on an allowance of 1/2 Gallon of water since we left Boston; and 3/4 lbs of a ration...a few cases of bilious cholic are the only diseases that have made their appearance for some days.  The crew are apparently very much debilitated, & the sick convalesce very quickly..."


18 Dec 1812  NE wind and rain ‑‑ presence of sloop of war HMS Bonne Citoyenne in Sao Salvador bearing $1.6 million in specie reported by Hornet.  A quartermaster named McCay, sent ashore in a boat, deserted.


19 Dec 1812  Finished taking on provisions and water from Hornet.  Constitution patrolled to the north and Hornet to the south.


24 Dec 1812  Cloudy and squally.  Hornet rejoined.


26 Dec 1812  While entering port, Bainbridge received word of Portuguese displeasure at his "blockade" of the port and was advised to remain at sea, which he did.


29 Dec 1812  "At 8 A.M. discovered two ships to windward of us.  At 9 one of them stood along the shore, the other towards us.   At 10.30 min. within 8 or 9 miles coming up with us.  At 11.30 The Commd supposed the strange sail to be a two decker and made sail away from her: made the private signal of the day which was not answered.  The strange sail hoisted a tri‑coloured signal flag at her main topgallantmast head & kept it flying a long time.  At 12 the sail gaining on us going 10 k.  Lat. ob. 13‑6 S. Long. by chron. 37‑38W.  Hoisted our Ensign & pendant.  The strange ship then hoisted an English Ensign at the peak.  At 1.25 the strange sail gaining on us discovered her to be a Frigate.  At 1.37 took in part of the sail & stood for the enemy, having previously had all clear [sic] for action.  At 1.45 she bore down intending to rake us which we avoided by wearing.  At 4 minutes before 2 P.M. we fired a broadside at her, when she bore up & returned it: she was at that time distant about 1 mile.  She was standing bows on but had hauld down her peak with an intention of wearing, when an order was given to the 3d Division to fire one Gun in order to make her hoist her colours ‑‑ but the whole broadside was fired without stopping.  The action then commenced warmly on both sides.  At 3.15 her maintopmast &  foremast went over the side.  At 4 her mizzenmast went about 10 or 15 feet from the deck.  At this time her fire was stopped & we hauld aboard our fore & main tack [sic] & stood from her to repair our braces, &c.  At 4.25 her mainmast went nearly by the board.   the colours still flying at the stump of the mizzen mast.  At 4.50 wore & stood for the Enemy.  At 5.25 got ahead of her in a raking position & were about giving the order to fire when she struck her colours, at which our crew gave 3 hearty cheers, as they had done when we first beat to quarters & several times during the action.  At 6 sent the cutter with Lieut. Parker on board, which returned with the 1st Lieut Chadds [sic] (the Capt being mortally wounded) who delivered his sword, together with His Majesty's Ship Java rated 38 but mounting 47 Guns ‑‑ Henry Lambert Esq. Capt.  Employd during the night in taking the officers & crew from the Ship.  She had about ___ killed & ___ wounded.  The exact number could not be ascertained.  Their own account was ___ killed & 105 wounded.  She had on board Supernumeraries & all were about 450.  She was six weeks from England bound to Bombay.  On board were Lt. Genl Hislop and suite, consisting of Major Walker, & Capt Wood; a Surgeon's Mate, Lt of Marines, & 2 Sea‑Lts passengers, together with Capt Marshall, a master & commander, who all were actively employd during the action.

                           "On our part there were "Killed.‑ Jonas Angrau, Joseph Adams, Patrick Connor, Barney Hart, John Chevers [sic], Seamen; Mark Snow, Jno D. Allen, Wm Cooper, Ord. Seamen; Thos Hanson, Private of Marines. "Wounded.‑ Wm Bainbridge, Commd, Severely; Jno C.Aylwin, Lt. Dangerously; Chs F. Waldo, M. M., Amptd  Thigh; Lewis German, Midn,   Slightly; Peter Woodbury, QrM, Severely; Jno Clements, Seaman, Amptd Leg; Joseph P. Chevers [sic], Seaman, Amptd arm; Joseph Ward,  Seaman, Amptd Thigh; Philip Brimblecomb, Seaman, Amptd arm; Nich. Wextram, Seaman, Slightly; Wm Long, Seaman, Dangerously; Stephen Webb, Seaman, Mortally; Reuben Sanderline, Seaman, Mortally; Wm Weeden, Seaman, Slightly; Enos Bateman, Seaman, Dangerously; Js D. Hammond, Seaman, Slightly; Peter Furnace, Seaman, Severely; Stephen Sheppard, Seaman, Slightly; Abijah Eddy, Seaman, Slightly; Philip Cook,  Seaman, Slightly; Saml Brown, Ord. Seaman, Severely; Danl Hogan, Ord. Seaman, Severely; Th. Williams 3d, Ord. Seaman, Slightly; Jno. Vogel,  Ord. Seaman, Severely; Anthony Reeves, Private Marines, Slightly; Jno. Elwell, Private Marines, Slightly; Mich. Chesley, Private Marines, Slightly. "A few more men slightly wounded, but not sufficiently so to require particular notice.  Employd all night getting the prisoners and baggage on board."


30 Dec 1812  Repairing damages, "which were trifling..." ‑‑ getting baggage out of Java.


31 Dec 1812  1500 Fired Java and blew her up: "...not so grand as that of the Guerriere..."


 1 Jan 1813  11.50 Dropped kedge anchor outside Sao Salvador harbor ‑‑ "...Hornet ran alongside, mannd the top & saluted us with three cheers which we returned..." ‑‑ 1900 anchored in harbor ‑‑ began landing prisoners, which were paroled on the condition that they return to England.


 3 Jan 1813  Captain Lambert died, as did Stephen Webb.


 5 Jan 1813  [Tuesday]  Sailed from Sao Salvador.


 6 Jan 1813  Parted company with Hornet ‑‑ Reuben Sanderline died.


26 Jan 1813  In evening, Joseph P. Chevers [sic] died "of malignant intermittent caused by his wounds.".


29 Jan 1813  0100 Lieutenant Aylwin died "of malignant intermittent caused by his shoulder wound" ‑‑ buried at sea that evening.


 6 Feb 1813  2200 Peter Furnace died.


12 Feb 1813  Boarded the brig Venus, bound from Providence, RI, to Havana.  She had left Newport the previous evening.  Carried away main topsail yard; replaced it.  Boarded the brig Sarah, 55 days from Liverpool to New York.  From newspapers she carried, learned of United States' victory over Macedonian, and that of Wasp over Frolic.  Also learned that William Jones was the new Secretary of the Navy, that four ships of the line and six frigates had been authorized, and that Congress had voted Constitution $100,000.


 15 Feb 1813  Cape Ann sighted ‑‑ cold; "blowing fresh" ‑‑ 1100 pilot came aboard.


 Note:  The present location of this journal, apparently in private hands, is unknown.